How impeachment works

The deadline has now passed for Robert Mugabe to resign as president of Zimbabwe.

Here’s what will happen next, if his party Zanu-PF follow up on their promise.

They said they would start proceedings for impeachment.

The National Assembly and the Senate can begin proceedings to remove the president if both pass simple majority votes against him.

This can either be on grounds of “serious misconduct”, “violation” of the constitution or “failure to obey, uphold or defend” it, or “incapacity”.

Once the votes are passed, the two chambers must then appoint a joint committee to investigate removing the president.

If the committee recommends impeachment, the president can then be removed if both houses back it with two-thirds majorities.

That’s according to section 97 of the constitution.

The vast majority of elected Zanu-PF representatives, like the opposition, are now in favour of removing Mugabe, reports AFP News agency.

But the process could be slow.

AFP adds that impeachment would result in Vice President Phelekeza Mphoko being head of state.

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